THE IMPACT OF AGING ON GENDER-SPECIFIC MIGRATION FLOWS

Funder: World Bank Group

One of the major demand factors for female migrants to OECD economies is population aging. This is exacerbated by a decline in fertility rates and the trend towards early retirement. As a result, a number of European countries and the United States have started to fill positions in nursing and domestic care services through recourse to imports of foreign female labor. This trend is likely to continue as the proportion of the population in these countries of working age declines, particularly in the years after 2010, when the baby boom generation begins to retire. This report presents initial forecasts of the future number of foreign-born, female nurses from the Developing World resident in North America and Europe in coming decades.